On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  The idea behind the transition period is to give some air to breathe during further negotiations between Britain and the EU. The EU has formally informed its international partners of the UK`s withdrawal and the transitional arrangements provided for by the withdrawal agreement, including with regard to international EU agreements, in a verbal note, which has also been approved by the United Kingdom. The verbal note informs international partners that the UK will be treated as a member state during the transition period for the purposes of the EU`s international agreements. The Verbal note was forwarded to international partners, including third countries and international organizations, after the signing of the withdrawal agreement. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight (23:00 GMT).
A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU laws and regulations continue to apply in the UK. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. This will give everyone more time to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. UK nationals and EU citizens, family members of the United Kingdom or EU citizens and family members who are not from these two countries retain the right to stay in the host Member State (Article 13). The host Member State must not restrict or prevent people from obtaining, retaining or losing the right of residence (art.